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The High Scope Foundation, Ypsilanti, Michigan

This is a menu of the topics on this page (click on any):
align=center>Perry Preschool Project   
align=center>Significant  Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool  Project    align=left>To view slides of this study, click  here    align=left>To view slides of the High/Scope Perry  Preschool Project findings using
Microsoft's PowerPoint Viewer,  click  here
    align=left>To view slides of all our preschool  studies using 
Microsoft's PowerPoint Viewer, click  here
    align=left>For more detailed information on the
High/Scope  Perry Preschool Project, click  here
    References: Barnett, W. S. (1996). Lives in  the balance: Age-27 benefit-cost analysis of the High/Scope Perry  Preschool Program (Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research  Foundation, 11). Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope  Press. Schweinhart, L. J., Barnes, H. V.,  & Weikart, D. P. (1993). Significant benefits: The High/Scope  Perry Preschool study through age 27 (Monographs of the High/Scope  Educational Research Foundation, 10). Ypsilanti: High/Scope Press.    .

High/Scope Foundation, an independent nonprofit research, development, training, and public advocacy organization located in Ypsilanti, Michigan, was founded in 1970. The Foundation's principal goals are to promote the learning and development of children worldwide from infancy through adolescence and to support and train educators and parents as they help children learn. In a High/Scope program, students learn through active involvement with people, materials, events, and ideas.

High/Scope first became respected for conducting a study with 123 African-American children who were divided into two matched groups. One group was given intensive pre-school training while the other received normal pre-school care. Both groups of students were then tracked through their lives (through age 27 so far) and their sucesses and troubles have been reported. High/Scope has developed a Powerpoint presentation that can be viewed on their website. PowerPoint presentation on the Perry Pre-School (when it comes up, click on the lower right corner to click thru the presentation)

Perry Preschool Project

Significant Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Project

            This study—perhaps the most well-known of all High/Scope research efforts--examines the lives of 123 African Americans born in poverty and at high risk of failing in school. From 1962-1967, at ages 3 and 4, the subjects were randomly divided into a program group who received a high-quality preschool program based on High/Scope's active learning approach and a comparison group who received no preschool program. In the study's most recent phase, 95% of the original study participants were interviewed at age 27. Additional data were gathered from the subjects' school, social services, and arrest records.

            In analyzing the data collected at age 27, research staff found the following major differences favoring the 27-year-olds who had been enrolled in High/Scope's active learning preschool program:

Social responsibility. By age 27, only one fifth as many preschool program group members as no-preschool program group members had been arrested five or more times (7% vs. 35%), and only one third as many had ever been arrested for drug dealing (7% vs. 25%).

Earnings and economic status. At age 27, four times as many preschool program group members as no-preschool program group members earned $2,000 or more per month (29% vs. 7%). Almost three times as many preschool program group members as no-preschool program group members owned their own homes (36% vs. 13%); and over twice as many owned second cars (30% vs. 13%). Only three fourths as many preschool program group members as no-preschool program group members received welfare assistance or other social services at some time as adults (59% vs. 80%).

Educational performance. Almost a third again as many preschool program group members as no-preschool program group members graduated from regular or adult high school or received General Education Development certification (71% vs. 54%). Earlier in the study, the preschool program group had significantly higher average achievement scores at age 14 and literacy scores at age 19 than the no-preschool program group.

Commitment to marriage. Although the same percentage of preschool program males and no-preschool program males were married (26%), the preschool program males had been married nearly twice as long as no-preschool program males (averages of 6.2 years vs. 3.3 years). Five times as many preschool program females as no-program females were married at the time of the age-27 interview (40% vs. 8%). Further, preschool program females had only about two thirds as many out-of-wedlock births as no-preschool program females (57% vs. 83%).

            These findings indicate that a high-quality preschool program such as High/Scope's can significantly increase children's future contributions to families and society.

To view slides of this study, click here

To view slides of the High/Scope Perry Preschool Project findings using
Microsoft's PowerPoint Viewer,
click here

To view slides of all our preschool studies using
Microsoft's PowerPoint Viewer,
click here

For more detailed information on the
High/Scope Perry Preschool Project,
click here

References:
Barnett, W. S. (1996). Lives in the balance: Age-27 benefit-cost analysis of the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program (Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 11). Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.
Schweinhart, L. J., Barnes, H. V., & Weikart, D. P. (1993). Significant benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool study through age 27 (Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 10). Ypsilanti: High/Scope Press.

To order these publications, see  the Research section of the High/Scope Press Catalog.

EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMSASSESSMENTTRAININGRESEARCH STUDIESCATALOG

Copyright © 2001 High/Scope Educational Research  Foundation. All rights reserved.
The name "High/Scope"  and its corporate logos are registered trademarks and service marks of the High/Scope Foundation. 

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