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January 5, 2005
PORT BLAIR, India + Two days after a tsunami thrashed the island where his ancestors have lived for tens of thousands of years, a tribesman stood naked on the beach and looked up at a hovering coast guard helicopter.
He then took out his bow and shot an arrow toward the rescue chopper.
It was a signal the Sentinelese have sent out to the world for millennia: They want to be left alone. Isolated from the rest of the world, the tribesmen needed to learn nature's sights, sounds and smells to survive.
Government officials and anthropologists think that ancient knowledge of the movement of wind, sea and birds might have saved the five indigenous tribes on the Indian archipelago of Andaman and Nicobar islands from the tsunami that hit the Asian coastline Dec. 26.
"They can smell the wind. They can gauge the depth of the sea with the sound of their oars. They have a sixth sense which we don't possess," said Ashish Roy, a local environmentalist and lawyer who has called on the courts to protect the tribes by preventing their contact with the outside world.
The tribes live the most ancient, nomadic lifestyle known to man, frozen in their Paleolithic past. Many produce fire by rubbing stones. They fish and hunt with bows and arrows, and live in leaf and straw community huts. And they don't take kindly to intrusions.
Anil Thapliyal, a commander in the Indian coast guard, said he spotted the lone tribesman on the island of Sentinel, a 23-square-mile key, on Dec. 28.
"There was a naked Sentinelese man," Thapliyal said. "He came out and shot an arrow at the helicopter."
According to varying estimates, there are only about 400 to 1,000 members alive today from the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, Sentinelese and Shompens. Some anthropological DNA studies indicate the generations might go back 70,000 years. They originated in Africa and migrated to India through Indonesia, anthropologists say.
It appears that many tribe members fled the shores well before the waves hit the coast, where they would typically be fishing at this time of year.
After the tsunami, local officials saw 41 Great Andamanese -- of 43 in a 2001 Indian census -- who had fled the submerged portion of their Strait Island. They also reported seeing 73 Onges -- of 98 in the census -- who fled to highland forests in Dugong Creek on the Little Andaman island, or Hut Bay, an anthropologist said.
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